ricardo gomez angel L6T 6Rp2iEk unsplash scaled

Singapore – The Geography, History and Culture of the Country

Experience Adventure Like Never Before: Book Your Tour Today!

Singapore – The Geography, History and Culture of the Country

Singapore is a tiny country located in Southeast Asia, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. It is bordered by Malaysia and Indonesia, and is made up of 63 different islands with a total land mass of just 721.5 square km (278.6 square miles). Despite its size, Singapore has a rich and vibrant multi-cultural society and is one of the world’s most visited and cosmopolitan cities.


The main island of Singapore consists mainly of lowland regions. To the north are the MacRitchie Reservoir and Singapore’s highest point, Bukit Timah Hill (163 m). Along the coast there are extensive mangrove forests, mud flats and a number of artificial beaches. The western part of the island is a flat plain, while the centre has hills and residential areas. The eastern coast of Singapore consists of rugged cliffs and rocky shorelines which are popular for rock-climbing.

Singapore also includes a number of smaller island communities including Lazarus, St Johns and Sentosa (formerly known as Pulau Blakang Mati). There is also Pulau Tekong, the country’s largest island, located off the east coast.


The history of Singapore dates back to 1819, when Thomas Stamford Raffles founded the city as a trading post of the British East India Company. The city quickly developed into a major port and trading centre, attracting a large Chinese community. In 1824, Singapore was ceded to Britain and became a crown colony.

From 1942 to 1945, the island was occupied by the Japanese. Following the war, the city experienced huge economic growth as it underwent a modernisation programme.

In 1959, Singapore gained partial autonomy from Britain and in 1963 merged with Malaysia to form the Federation of Malaysia. However, due to political differences, Singapore was expelled from the union in 1965. Since then it has become an independent nation, becoming a Republic in 1965 and establishing constitutional democracy by 1968.


The culture of Singapore is a mix of East and West. Its official languages are English, Malay, Chinese and Tamil, reflecting its multi-cultural population. Despite its small size, Singapore offers an array of attractions; museums, galleries, national monuments, religious sites, parks, gardens and lush nature reserves such as Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and Southern Ridges Park. Culinary delights include local specialities such as Hainanese Chicken Rice and Nasi Lemak.


Singapore might be small in size but it’s packed with culture and attractions that are worth exploring. Its mix of East and West adds a unique dynamic to its character and makes it stand out against its neighbouring countries. Visitors can expect to experience interesting flavours, explore vibrant neighbourhoods, wonderful parks and diverse attractions– all within an urban environment.

For more information on this great country, visit VisitSingapore, they are packed with great information on what to do and where to go.

An Insider’s Guide to Singapore

Singapore is a cosmopolitan city-state that offers a fascinating blend of cultures, history, and geography. From its skyscrapers to its lush greenery to its diverse cuisine, Singapore has something for everyone. In this guide, we will delve into the geography, history, and culture of this magnificent place and provide an insider’s view of the best things to see, do, and experience during your visit.

The Geography of Singapore

Located in Southeast Asia, Singapore is an island city-state situated at the southernmost tip of the Malay Peninsula. The city-state comprises one main island and 62 smaller islets. Singapore’s strategic location at the crossroads of major shipping lanes has long made it a hub for trade and commerce.

One of the most unique and popular attractions in Singapore is Gardens by the Bay. This impressive 250-acre nature park is home to more than 500,000 plants from around the world and features the iconic Supertree Grove, towering vertical gardens that light up each night.

For the adventurous, a walk along the Southern Ridges Trail offers breathtaking views of the city’s skyline and lush greenery. The trail spans 10 kilometers and takes you through several parks, including the Mount Faber Park, Telok Blangah Hill Park, and Kent Ridge Park.

The History of Singapore

Singapore has a rich and storied history that dates back centuries. The city-state was founded by Sir Stamford Raffles in 1819 as a British trading post. Over time, Singapore evolved into a melting pot of cultures, with influences from China, India, Malaysia, and Europe.

One way to experience Singapore’s history is to visit the National Museum of Singapore. The museum showcases the country’s history, from its founding to the present day.

Another must-see historical attraction is Fort Canning Park. This lush green space was once home to the palaces of Malay royalty and is now a popular spot for concerts and outdoor events. Visitors can also explore the underground bunkers that date back to World War II.

The Culture of Singapore

Singapore is a multicultural city-state, and its diverse population has helped shape its unique culture. The city-state is home to a vibrant arts scene, with many theaters, galleries, and music venues showcasing local and international talent. One cultural experience not to be missed is the nightly Wonder Full light and water show at Marina Bay Sands.

For foodies, the culinary scene in Singapore is a must-see. Singapore is known for its hawkers’ centers, where locals and visitors alike can enjoy an array of affordable and delicious street food. One hawker center that should be on every foodie’s list is Newton Food Centre, offering a wide variety of local delicacies such as Hainanese chicken rice, satay, and laksa.

An off-the-beaten-path suggestion is a visit to Kampong Glam, a historic Malay neighborhood that is now a trendy district filled with hip cafes, boutique stores, and street art. Visitors can also explore the majestic Masjid Sultan mosque, built in 1824.


Singapore is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in culture, history, and geography. From its towering skyscrapers to its lush greenery to its unique cuisine, Singapore offers a fascinating blend of experiences. With this insider’s guide, you’re sure to have a memorable trip to this remarkable city-state.

ricardo gomez angel L6T 6Rp2iEk unsplash scaled

Singapore – The Geography, History and Culture of the Country

Experience Adventure Like Never Before: Book Your Tour Today!