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Why is Rome known as the Eternal City?

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Why is Rome known as the Eternal City?

Rome is the capital city of Italy, and the largest city in the country. It is an ancient city steeped in rich culture, history and art. It has attracted millions of visitors over the centuries and is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It is also known as the Eternal City because it has been capable of surviving so many changes over the centuries and still retains much of its original charm.

The reason why it is known as the Eternal City dates back thousands of years. In 753 B.C., two of Rome’s legendary founders, Romulus and Remus, founded Rome upon the banks of the Tiber River. This first settlement was known as Palatine Hill, which lies at the center of what is now known as Rome.

Palatine Hill was once home to one of the many empires that Rome has seen throughout its long history. With the rise of the Roman Empire, the city gained prestige and power. It was its grandeur, achievements and accomplishments that earned it the title of Eternal City.

The Roman Empire endured for a thousand years, outlasting its contemporaries through military might, economic stability and competent government. During its height, Rome was home to some of the most remarkable monuments, buildings and roads the world had ever seen. It was also instrumental in shaping western civilization and ushering in the age of antiquity.

The Roman Empire eventually collapsed due to internal upheaval, external threats and overextension, however Rome still endured even after its conquest by barbarian tribes. Over two thousand years later, much of its grandeur remains intact and certain neighborhoods retain a certain Roman charm with their narrow cobblestone streets and architecture. This is why it is aptly titled the Eternal City.

Today, Rome is one of Italy’s major tourist destinations, as well as a cultural capital rich with museums, galleries and cultural institutions. Its importance in history and culture have made it one of the most influential cities in the world. Its status as the Eternal City ensures that it will continue to be a major force in shaping the future of Italy and beyond.

For many, Rome is much more than just a city – it is a way of life steeped in fascinating history and culture. Its ability to stay relevant and vibrant thousands of years later speaks to its legacy as the Eternal City – one that will survive as long as people look back to its iconic past with curiosity and admiration.

For more information about Rome’s place in history and culture, this website provides an interesting overview of how the Eternal City became what it is today.

An Insider’s Guide to Rome – The Eternal City

Rome, the capital city of Italy, is known as the “Eternal City” because of its rich history, stunning architecture, art, culture, and everlasting influence on Western civilization. Visiting Rome is like traveling through time, exploring the remnants of ancient civilizations that once ruled the world. With so much to see and experience, it’s challenging to know where to start. This insider’s guide to Rome will introduce you to everything you need to know about the Eternal City.

Discovering Local Attractions

Rome is teeming with historical landmarks and world-renowned attractions. Here are five key sites not to be missed:

1. The Colosseum: This ancient amphitheater is an iconic symbol of Rome and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Constructed almost 2000 years ago, the Colosseum is the largest amphitheater built and could house up to 80,000 people.

2. Vatican City: The smallest independent state is located within Rome, and it’s the center of Catholicism, including St. Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine Chapel painted by Michelangelo.

3. Trevi Fountain: Placed in the center of Rome, Trevi Fountain is an icon of Baroque art and a favorite site for tourists. Legend has it that throwing a coin into the fountain will guarantee a return trip to Rome.

4. Roman Forum: A collection of ancient ruins that once functioned as a market center and public square, The Roman Forum is a vast archaeological marvel.

5. Pantheon: A stunning temple built in honor of all gods, the Pantheon contains fascinating elements such as the oculus in the roof and the two Roman Gods sculptures to see.

Dining Spots for Savoring Rome’s Delicacies

Rome’s dining scene is world-class, with a wide range of traditional and modern options to suit all tastes. Some of the best dining places in Rome include:

1. Pizzeria La Montecarlo: A classic pizza joint that has been running for over 50 years, named after Princess Grace Kelly of Monaco, and sits in the trendy Trastevere neighborhood.

2. Ristorante Piperno: Serving authentic Roman dishes such as carciofi alla giudia and spaghetti alla carbonara, Piperno has been running for over 150 years.

3. Roscioli: A modern take on a deli and wine bar, Roscioli offers a range of Italian delicacies including burrata, prosciutto, and freshly baked pastries.

4. Trattoria Da Enzo: A classic neighborhood trattoria in the heart of Rome, Trattoria Da Enzo serves a range of traditional Roman dishes that should not be missed.

Cultural Experiences in Rome

Rome is a city that is steeped in culture, with a wealth of museums, galleries, and exhibitions waiting to be explored. Some must-visit cultural experiences include:

1. The Vatican Museums: Home to a vast collection of artwork, including pieces by the likes of Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael, and the famous Sistine Chapel.

2. The Borghese Gallery: Located in the stunning Villa Borghese park and home to some of the most important art collections in the world.

3. Galleria Doria Pamphilj: A former palace known for its impressive collection of paintings by Italian, Flemish, and Dutch artists.

Exploring Local History

Rome is a city that is synonymous with history, and visitors can immerse themselves in the city’s rich past by exploring some of its museums, galleries, monuments, and ruins. Some must-see historical sites include:

1. The Catacombs of Rome: These underground tunnels were used as graves for early Christians and Jews.

2. The Capitoline Museum: Known for its art and archaeological displays, museum highlights include artifacts from Ancient Rome and the Venetian school.

3. Castel Sant’Angelo: Originally built as a mausoleum, Castel Sant’Angelo has served as a military fortress, a prison, and now, a museum.

Offbeat Sights and Recommendations

In addition to the well-known attractions, Rome has many hidden gems to discover. If you have time, check out:

1. Appia Antica (Appian Way): A historic road that was the foundation of Roman expansion, which now houses its bike path and the ruins of historic buildings.

2. Walk through Quartiere Coppedè: An important point of interest for those seeking an eccentric location full of artistic, whimsical buildings.

3. Tasting Roman Wines: Enjoy the beautiful scenery and taste delicious Roman wines like Frascati, Cesanese, and Montepulciano d’Abruzzo in local wine bars or vineyards.

In summary, Rome offers unique sights and experiences for tourists interested in seeing Roman history and sampling classic Italian cuisine. With an endless list of attractions, dining spots, cultural experiences, local history, and off-the-beaten-path suggestions, it’s impossible to fit everything into one trip. Hopefully, this guide sets you on the right path for an unforgettable trip to the Eternal City!

stephen arnold xSTQzSLJA4c unsplash

Why is Rome known as the Eternal City?

Experience Adventure Like Never Before: Book Your Tour Today!