Frequently Asked Questions about Yan’an

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Frequently Asked Questions about Yan’an

If you are planning to visit China, Yan’an is one of the destinations that you should not miss. Located in the northwestern part of Shaanxi province, Yan’an is a city that holds a significant place in Chinese history. It is renowned as the birthplace of China’s Communist Party, and many Chinese tourists visit the city to learn about its historical and cultural significance. However, if you are planning to visit Yan’an, you may have some questions in your mind. In this blog post, we will answer some of the frequently asked questions about Yan’an.

1. What is the history of Yan’an?

Yan’an is a city that has a 5000-year history. In ancient times, it was known as Yanzhou, and it served as the capital of the Qin dynasty. During the Northern and Southern dynasties, it was a major center of Buddhism, and many temples were built. However, Yan’an became most famous during the early 20th century when it served as a base for the Communist Party of China.During the Chinese Civil War, Yan’an was the headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party. Many crucial events in the history of the Communist Party took place in Yan’an, such as the Yan’an Rectification Movement, which led to the formation of the People’s Republic of China. Today, Yan’an is a significant historical and cultural city in China.

2. What are the top attractions in Yan’an?

Yan’an is a city of historical significance, and therefore, it has numerous places to visit. Here are some of the top attractions in Yan’an:

Mao Zedong Memorial Site

As the birthplace of the Communist Party of China, Yan’an has a memorial dedicated to Mao Zedong, the founder of the People’s Republic of China. The Mao Zedong Memorial Site is home to his former residence, where he lived during the revolutionary period.

Zaoyuan Revolution Site

Zaoyuan Revolution Site is the site of the Yan’an Rectification Movement, which served as a political and ideological movement that shaped the course of the Chinese Communist Revolution. Today, it is a museum that showcases the events that took place in Yan’an during the movement.

Yangjialing Revolution Site

Yangjialing Revolution Site is the site where Mao Zedong and other leaders of the Chinese Communist Party called for a revolution against the Kuomintang. Today, it is a museum that showcases the events that took place during the revolution.

Yulin Caves

Yulin Caves is a complex of Buddhist cave shrines that dates back to the Tang Dynasty. There are over 40 shrines, and they contain more than 2500 statues and murals.

3. What is the best time to visit Yan’an?

The best time to visit Yan’an is during the autumn months, from September to November. During this period, the weather is pleasant, and the trees turn golden, making the city look beautiful. The spring months, from March to May, are also an excellent time to visit Yan’an when the weather is mild, and the flowers are in bloom.

4. How to get to Yan’an?

Yan’an has an airport, Yan’an Nanniwan Airport, which has direct flights to Beijing, Shanghai, and Xian. You can also reach Yan’an by train, as several trains run between Yan’an and major cities in China.

5. What is the local food of Yan’an?

The local food of Yan’an is known for its spiciness, due to the use of Sichuan peppers in most dishes. Some of the popular dishes of Yan’an include Yangrou Pao Mo, a lamb stew served with wheat bread; Liangpi, a cold noodle dish; and Roujiamo, a Chinese-style hamburger.


Yan’an is a city that holds a significant place in Chinese history, and visiting it can be a unique experience. However, before visiting, it is important to have some knowledge about the city. This blog post has answered some of the frequently asked questions about Yan’an, which will help you plan your trip better.

An Insider’s Guide to Yan’an: Answers to Your Frequently Asked Questions

Yan’an, located in the northern part of Shaanxi province, is a cultural and historical city with a rich revolutionary past. While most tourists come to Yan’an to learn more about the Chinese Communist revolution, there’s much more to this city than just its history. Here’s an insider’s guide to Yan’an, featuring hidden local gems and fascinating historical anecdotes that will make your visit to Yan’an unforgettable.

Local Attractions: Hidden Gems to Visit

While Mao’s former residence and the Yan’an Revolutionary Memorial Hall are undoubtedly popular tourist attractions, there are other hidden gems that only locals know about. One such place is the Guandi Temple, located in the city centre. The temple was built in the Ming Dynasty and is dedicated to the Chinese god of war, Guandi. In addition to its historical significance, the temple also has beautiful architecture, with intricate carvings and colourful decorations.

Another hidden gem to check out is the Yan’an Revolutionary Site of Zaozigou, which was the birthplace of the Chinese Communist Party. This site features a series of caves and buildings that were used as a hideout during the revolution. The site also has lush greenery and beautiful scenery, making it a great place for a peaceful nature walk.

Dining Spots: A Taste of Yan’an

No trip to Yan’an is complete without sampling the local cuisine. Yan’an is famous for its Liangpi (cold skin noodles), Roujiamo (Chinese hamburger), and Paomo (a hearty beef soup with flatbread). One famous restaurant to try these dishes is Yan’an Fanzhuang, which has been serving delicious food for over 100 years. The restaurant also has a unique atmosphere and decor, with old black-and-white photos and cultural artefacts adorning the walls.

While enjoying the local food, it’s worth noting that Yan’an has a vibrant food culture filled with interesting anecdotes. For example, during the revolutionary era, steamed bread was a precious commodity due to food shortages. Residents would carry their steamed bread with them everywhere they went, including to work and even to bed.

Cultural Experiences: Explore Yan’an’s Traditions

Yan’an has a rich culture with many traditions still practised today. One example is the Shaanbei (Northern Shaanxi) paper-cutting art, which is a folk art that involves intricate paper-cutting patterns. Visitors can take part in a paper-cutting workshop and learn from skilled craftsmen.

Another cultural experience is the Yan’an Revolutionary Song and Dance Troupe, which performs traditional revolutionary songs and dances. The troupe was formed during the revolution and is still active today, providing an opportunity to witness a living piece of China’s history.

Local History: Insights into Yan’an’s Past

Yan’an is a city with deep roots in Chinese history, and there are many captivating stories to discover. One such story is the legend of Yang Guifei, the beloved imperial concubine of Tang Dynasty Emperor Xuanzong. Yang Guifei was originally from Yan’an, and local people built a temple in her honour, which still stands today.

Another historical anecdote is the story of the Yan’an rectification movement, which took place during the Chinese Communist Revolution. The movement aimed to purge Communist Party members deemed to be “rightists” and promote a more Maoist ideology. The movement had a profound impact on China’s political landscape in the years to come.

Off-the-Beaten-Path Suggestions: Unique Experiences in Yan’an

For a truly unique experience, visit the famous farmers’ market in Yan’an. The market offers a glimpse of provincial life, with vendors selling fresh produce, meat, and other local delicacies. Visitors can interact with the locals and witness a more authentic side of Yan’an.

Another off-the-beaten-path suggestion is visiting a local cave dwelling, or yaodong, in the surrounding countryside. These cave dwellings were once home to many locals, and some still remain habitable today. It’s a fascinating insight into a unique style of living and architecture.

In conclusion, Yan’an is a city with much to explore and discover beyond its revolutionary history. Whether you’re interested in local food, cultural experiences, or unique historical anecdotes, Yan’an has something for everyone. Use this insider’s guide to help design your trip and discover all the hidden gems this city has to offer.


Frequently Asked Questions about Yan’an

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